Tana LalaThe Flower Language

(contact me here)

What is this Language?

I use the Lala language to write personal poetry and clarify for myself the meaning of words and phrases when I am not sure how to translate them into another language.

Although it might sound primitive to many a European ear, this language is really a controlled one that I have constructed.

I entertain the hope that its word production strategy may help coining missing words for the moribund vocabulary of some revitalized language.

It is totally unrelated to its natural homonyms of New-Guinea, South-Africa and Zambia.

Reading material on the Lala language:

The Lala Tutorial is a step-by-step introduction to the Lala language by means of simple examples

The Lala Root Words are the 576 single words from which all other Lala words are produced

The Lala Language Book is a comprehensive overview of the Lala grammar600 Ko PDF file

The Lala Lexicon is a Lala dictionary for around 4,000 most frequent English words 1,000 Ko PDF file

Lala Language Tutorial

The tables below show how the Lala language works:

Vocabulary

English

mami

mother

papi

father

taka

person

taka nalu

student

taka kaunalu

teacher

miki

house

miki tumu

restaurant

napi

child

napi lina

girl

kunu

animal

nuu

rodent

nuu kiki

mouse



Sentence

Pronoun

be

noun

Ui launapi.

Ui

lau-

napi.

I am a child.

I

am

child.

Uu lautaka kaunalu.

Uu

lau-

taka kaunalu.

You are a teacher.

You

are

teacher.

Ua lautaka nalu.

Ua

lau-

taka nalu.

(S)he is a student.

(S)he

is

student.



Sentence

Pronoun

be

noun

Ua laupapi.

Ua

lau-

papi.

He is a father.

He

is

father.

Ua launapi lina.

Ua

lau-

napi lina.

She is a girl.

She

is

girl.

Ua launuu kiki.

Ua

lau-

nuu kiki.

It is a mouse.

It

is

mouse.

Ua laumiki tumu.

Ua

lau-

miki tumu.

It is a restaurant.

It

is

restaurant.



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

be

noun

Napi lina ua lautaka nalu.

Napi lina

ua

lau-

taka nalu.

The girl is a student.

Girl

she

is

student.

Papi ua lautaka kaunalu.

Papi

ua

lau-

taka kaunalu.

The father is a teacher.

Father

he

is

teacher.

Miki ua laumiki tumu.

Miki

ua

lau-

miki tumu.

The house is a restaurant.

House

it

is

restaurant.

Mami uu lautaka kaunalu.

Mami

uu

lau-

taka kaunalu.

You Mother are a teacher.

Mother

you

are

teacher.

Nuu kiki ui laukunu.

Nuu kiki

ui

lau-

kunu.

I mouse am an animal.

Mouse

I

am

animal.



Quantifier

Example

kui

kui nuu kiki

one, a(n)

one mouse, a mouse

nani

nani nuu kiki

several

several mice, mice

mata

mata napi

many

many children

niamata

niamata tutu

few

few trees

tumi

tumi taka

a group of

people

kata

kata taka

all

all the people, everybody



Sentence

Quantifier

subject

pronoun

be

noun

Mata taka nalu ua launapi lina.

Mata

taka nalu

ua

lau-

napi lina.

Many students are girls.

Many

students

they

are

girls.

Niamata nuu ua launuu kiki.

Niamata

nuu

ua

lau-

nuu kiki.

Few rodents are mice.

Few

rodents

they

are

mice.

Nani taka ua lautaka kaunalu.

Nani

taka

ua

lau-

taka kaunalu.

Several people are teachers.

Several

person

they

are

teachers.



Vocabulary

English

mika

color

mika kala

red

paumika

have a color, be colored

paumika kala

be red

nima

taste

paunima

have a taste, taste

paunima uni

be tasty, be delicious

paunima niauni

be disgusting



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

have

noun

Mami ua paunapi lina.

Mami

ua

pau-

napi lina.

The mother has a daughter.

Mother

she

has

girl.

Tumi taka ua paumiki.

Tumi taka

ua

pau-

miki.

The people have a house.

Group of person

they

have

house.

Nuu kiki ua paumika kala.

Nuu kiki

ua

pau-

mika kala.

The mouse is red.

Mouse

it

has

red color.

Mipa nitu ua paunima uni.

Mipa nitu

ua

pau-

nima uni.

The cake is delicious.

Cake

it

has

good taste.



Vocabulary

English

muku

flesh

muku kunu

meat

mipa

bread

mipa nitu

cake

liku nalu

lesson

tutu

tree

kuna tutu

forest

miki mula

barn

kiki

cereal

kiki puna

rice



Vocabulary

English

limi

beautiful

nialimi

ugly

uni

good

niauni

bad

mala

big

niamala

small

sapi

clever

niasapi

intellectually challenged

sipu

scared

kausipu

scary



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

Mata miki ua limi.

Mata miki

ua

limi.

Many houses are beautiful.

Many houses

they

beautiful.

Napi lina ua sapi.

Napi lina

ua

sapi.

The girl is clever.

Girl

she

clever.

Nuu kiki ua niamala.

Nuu kiki

ua

niamala.

The mouse is small.

Mouse

it

small.



Sentence

Subject

clitic

noun

pronoun

predicate

Miki pai mami ua limi.

Miki

pai

mami

ua

limi.

The mother’s house is beautiful.

House

of

mother

it

beautiful.

Napi lina pai papi ua sapi.

Napi lina

pai

papi

ua

sapi.

The father’s daughter is clever.

Girl

of

father

she

clever.

Nima pai mipa nitu ua uni.

Nima

pai

mipa nitu

ua

uni.

The taste of the cake is good.

Taste

of

cake

it

good.

Mika pai nuu kiki ua laumika kala.

Mika

pai

nuu kiki

ua

laumika kala.

The color of the mouse is red.

Color

of

mouse

it

is red.



Phrase

noun

pronoun

feature

separator

mata miki ia limi aa

mata miki

ia

limi

aa

many beautiful houses

many houses

that

beautiful

there is

napi lina ia sapi aa

napi lina

ia

sapi

aa

the clever girl

girl

who

clever

there is

mipa nitu ia paunima uni aa

mipa nitu

ia

paunima uni

aa

the delicious cake

cake

that

delicious

there is

nuu kiki ia niamala aa

nuu kiki

ia

niamala

aa

the small mouse

mouse

that

small

there is



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

feature

separator

pronoun

predicate

Miki ia niamala aa ua limi.

Miki

ia

niamala

aa

ua

limi.

The small house is beautiful.

House

that

small

there is

it

beautiful.

Napi ia sapi aa ua taka nalu.

Napi

ia

sapi

aa

ua

lautaka nalu.

The clever child is a student.

Child

who

clever

there is

(s)he

is student.

Mipa nitu ia mala aa ua paunima niauni.

Mipa nitu

ia

mala

aa

ua

paunima niauni.

The big cake is disgusting.

Cake

that

big

there is

it

disgusting.

Nuu ia nialimi aa ua kausipu.

Nuu

ia

nialimi

aa

ua

kausipu.

The ugly rodent is scary.

Rodent

that

ugly

there is

it

scary.



Vocabulary

English

tautumu, tumu

eat

taumusu, musu

cook

taunasi ipu, nasi ipu

cut down

taumaka kipu, maka kipu

build

taunalu, nalu

learn



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

direct object

Taka nalu ua nalu nai liku nalu.

Taka nalu

ua

(tau)nalu

nai

liku nalu.

The student learns the lesson.

Student

(s)he

(does) learn


lesson

Papi ua musu nai muku kunu.

Papi

ua

(tau)musu

nai

muku kunu.

The father cooks the meat.

Father

he

(does) cook


meat.

Napi lina ua nasi ipu nai tutu.

Napi lina

ua

(tau)nasi ipu

nai

tutu.

The girl cuts down the tree.

Girl

she

(does) cut down


tree.

Tumi mami ua maka kipu nai miki.

Tumi mami

ua

(tau)maka kipu

nai

miki.

The mothers build the house.

Group of mothers

it

(does) build


house.



Vocabulary

English

sausipu, sipu

be scared

sauumu, umu

be full

saupuma, puma

be proud

sausapi, sapi

be clever, savvy, apt, gifted

saunila, nila

be happy



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

indirect object

Napi lina ua sipu mai nuu kiki.

Napi lina

ua

(sau)sipu

mai

nuu kiki.

The girl is scared of the mouse.

Student

(s)he

(is) scared

of

mouse.

Papi ua nila mai mipa nitu.

Papi

ua

(sau)nila

mai

mipa nitu.

The father is happy with the cake.

Father

he

(is) happy

with

cake.

Miki mula ua umu mai kiki puna.

Miki mula

ua

(sau)umu

mai

kiki puna.

The barn is full of rice.

Barn

it

(is) full

of

rice.

Mami ua sapi mai musu.

Mami

ua

(sau)sapi

mai

musu.

The mother is gifted for cooking.

Mother

she

(is) gifted

for

cooking.



Sentence

pronoun

location

Ui kuna tutu.

Ui

kuna tutu.

I am in the forest.

I

forest.

Uu miki.

Uu

miki.

You are in the house.

You

house.

Ua miki tumu.

Ua

miki tumu.

(S)he is in the restaurant.

(S)he

restaurant.



Sentence

Noun

pronoun

location

Nuu ua tutu.

Nuu

ua

tutu.

The rodent is in the tree.

Rodent

it

tree.

Nuu kiki ua miki mula.

Nuu kiki

ua

miki mula.

The mouse is in the barn.

Mouse

it

barn.



Vocabulary

English

lapa

side

kini

inside

niakini

outside

tula

frontside

niatula

backside

ana

upside

niaana

downside

pati kalu

table

pati kati

chair

pati sumi

bed



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

location

clitic

noun

Miki ua lapa pai kuna tutu.

Miki

ua

lapa

pai

kuna tutu.

The house is next to the forest.

House

it

side

of

forest.

Papi ua kini pai miki.

Papi

ua

kini

pai

miki.

The father is inside the house.

Father

he

inside

of

house.

Nuu kiki ua niaana pai pati kati.

Nuu kiki

ua

niaana

pai

pati kati.

The mouse is under the chair.

Mouse

it

downside

of

chair.

Pati kati ua tula pai pati kalu.

Pati kati

ua

tula

pai

pati kalu.

The chair is in front of the table.

Chair

it

front

of

table.



Vocabulary

English

tauluni, luni

locate

tausaki, saki

go to

taunaki, naki

range, roam



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

location

clitic

noun.

Miki ua luni mai lapa pai kuna tutu.

Miki

ua

luni

mai

lapa

pai

kuna tutu.

The house is next to the forest.

House

it

locates

on

side

of

forest.

Papi ua saki mai kini pai miki.

Papi

ua

saki

mai

kini

pai

miki.

The father goes inside the house.

Father

he

goes

to

inside

of

house.

Nuu kiki ua naki mai niaana pai pati sumi.

Nuu kiki

ua

naki

mai

niaana

pai

pati sumi.

The mouse roams under the bed.

Mouse

it

roams

@

downside

of

bed.

Pati kati ua luni mai tula pai pati kalu.

Pati kati

ua

luni

mai

tula

pai

pati kalu.

The chair is in front of the table.

Chair

it

locates

in

front

of

table.



Vocabulary

English

iu

it, there-, which, the aforesaid fact

tautumu, tumu

eat

taupiti, piti

live

taukati, kati

sit

tausumi, sumi

sleep



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

pronoun

location

clitic

noun

Napi ua kati iu ana pai pati kati.

Napi

ua

kati

iu

ana

pai

pati kalu.

The child sits in front of the table

Child

it

sits

which

upside

of

table.

Papi ua sumi iu ana pai pati sumi.

Papi

ua

sumi

iu

ana

pai

pati sumi.

The father is sleeping on the bed.

Father

he

sleeps

which

upside

of

bed.

Nuu kiki ua tumu iu niaana pai pati kati.

Nuu kiki

ua

tumu

iu

niaana

pai

pati kati.

The mouse is eating under the chair.

Mouse

it

eats

which

downside

of

table.

Kunu ua piti iu kini pai kuna tutu.

Kunu

ua

piti

iu

kini

pai

kuna tutu.

The animal lives inside the forest.

Animal

it

lives

which

inside

of

forest.



Vocabulary

English

tauluni tula, luni tula

be in front

tausaki niaana, saki niaana

go downside

tausaki kini, saki kini

go inside, get in, enter

taunaki kini, naki kini

roam inside

taukati ana, kati ana

sit on top

tausumi ana, sumi ana

sleep on top

taupiti kini, piti kini

dwell, live inside



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

noun

Pati kati ua luni tula mai pati kalu.

Pati kati

ua

luni tula

mai

pati kalu.

The chair stands in front of the table.

Chair

it

locates in front

of

table.

Nuu kiki ua saki niaana mai pati sumi.

Nuu kiki

ua

saki niaana

mai

pati sumi.

The mouse goes under the bed.

Mouse

it

goes downside

of

bed.

Napi ua kati ana mai pati kati.

Napi

ua

kati ana

mai

pati kati.

The child sits on the chair.

Child

it

sits on top

of

chair.

Papi ua sumi ana mai pati sumi.

Papi

ua

sumi ana

mai

pati sumi.

The father is sleeping on the bed.

Father

he

sleeps on top

of

bed

Nuu kiki ua saki kini mai miki mula.

Nuu kiki

ua

saki kini

mai

miki mula.

The mouse gets inside the barn.

Mouse

it

goes inside

of

barn.

Kunu ua piti kini mai kuna tutu.

Kunu

ua

piti kini

mai

kuna tutu.

The animal lives in the forest.

Animal

it

lives inside

of

forest.



Specifier

Example

kia

taka kia

some, a(n)

someone, a person

lia

napi lia

other

the other child, another child

mia

miki tumu mia

same

the same restaurant

pia

taka kaunalu pia

what

what teacher

sia

napi lina sia

any

any girl

tia

miki tumu tia

this, that

this restaurant, that restaurant



Vocabulary

English

tani

name

patu

shape

nimu

appearance, look

pani

time

luni

place

kuti

cause

tuki

goal

puli

circle, round

kaku

square

tini

day

pili tini

morning

niatini

night

pisu

cry tears

napa misa

income

nusa musu

kitchen



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

be

attribute

clitic

noun

specifier

Pia ua lautani pai napi tia.

Pia

ua

lau-

tani

pai

napi

tia.

What is this child’s name?

What

it

is

name

of

child

this

Kaku ua laupatu pai miki kia.

Kaku

ua

lau-

patu

pai

miki

kia.

Square is the shape of some house(s).

Square.

it

is

shape

of

house

some

Niatini ua laupani pai sumi sia.

Niatini

ua

lau-

pani

pai

lumi

sia.

Night is the time for any sleep.

Night

it

is

time

for

dream

any.



Sentence

Subject

specifier

pronoun

have

attribute

clitic

feature

Napi tia ua pautani lai pia.

Napi

tia

ua

pau-

tani

lai

pia.

What is this child’s name?

Child

this

it

has

name

namely

what?

Miki kia ua paupatu lai kaku.

Miki

kia

ua

pau-

patu

lai

kaku.

Some houses have a square shape.

House

some

it

have

shape

namely

square.

Lumi sia ua paupani lai niatini.

Lumi

sia

ua

pau-

pani

lai

niatini.

Any dream takes place at night.

Dream

any

it

has

time

namely

night.



Sentence

Subject

clitic

noun

specifier

pronoun

clitic

feature

Tani pai napi tia ua lai pia.

Tani

pai

napi

tia

ua

lai

pia.

What is this child’s name?

Name

of

child

this

it

namely

what?

Patu pai miki kia ua lai kaku.

Patu

pai

miki

kia

ua

lai

kaku.

The shape of some house(s) is square.

Shape

of

house

some

it

namely

square.

Pani pai lumi sia ua lai niatini.

Pani

pai

sumi

sia

ua

lai

niatini.

The time for any dream is at night.

Time

for

sleep

any

it

namely

night.



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

pronoun

predicate

specifier

Mami ua tumu iu pani pia.

Mami

ua

tumu

iu

(pau)pani

pia.

When does the mother eat?

Mother

she

eats

which

(has) time

what.

Napi ua pisu iu kuti pia.

Napi

ua

pisu

iu

(pau)kuti

pia.

Why does the child cry?

Child

it

cries

which

(has) cause

what.

Papi ua musu iu luni pia.

Papi

ua

musu

iu

(pau)luni

pia.

Where does the father cook?

Father

he

cooks

which

(has) time

what.

Taka ua kasu iu tuki pia.

Taka

ua

kasu

iu

(pau)tuki

pia.

What for do people work?

Person

they

work

which

(has) goal

what.



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

auxiliary

predicate

Nuu kiki ua pia mala.

Nuu kiki

ua

(sau)pia

mala.

How big is the mouse?

Mouse

it

(is)what

big.

Taka lina ua kia limi.

Taka lina

ua

(sau)kia

limi.

The woman is somewhat beautiful.

Woman

she

(is)some

beautiful.

Napi ua mia tumu.

Napi

ua

(tau)mia

tumu.

The child eats all the same.

Child

(s)he

does same

eat.

Mipa nitu ua pautia nima uni.

Mipa nitu

ua

pautia

nima uni.

The cake is so delicious.

Cake

it

has that

good taste.



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

pronoun

predicate

clitic

feature

Mami ua tumu iu pani lai pili tini.

Mami

ua

tumu

iu

(pau)pani

lai

pili tini.

The mother eats in the morning.

Mother

she

eats

which

(has) time

namely

morning.

Napi ua pisu iu kuti lai sipu.

Napi

ua

pisu

iu

(pau)kuti

lai

sipu.

The child cries because it is scared.

Child

it

cries

which

(has) cause

namely

scared.

Papi ua musu iu luni lai nusa musu.

Papi

ua

musu

iu

(pau)luni

lai

nusa musu.

The father cooks in the kitchen.

Father

he

cooks

which

(has) place

namely

kitchen.

Taka ua kasu iu tuki lai napa misa.

Taka

ua

kasu

iu

(pau)tuki

lai

napa misa.

People work for money.

Person

they

work

which

(has) goal

namely

income.



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

pronoun

locative

Mami ua tumu iu pili tini.

Mami

ua

tumu

iu

pili tini.

The mother eats in the morning.

Mother

she

eats

which

morning.

Papi ua musu iu nusa musu.

Papi

ua

musu

iu

nusa musu.

The father cooks in the kitchen.

Father

he

cooks

which

kitchen.



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

pronoun

predicate

clitic

object

Papi ua musu iu pani nai kasa pili tini.

Papi

ua

musu

iu

(tau)pani

nai

kasa pili tini.

The father cooks the whole morning.

Father

he

cooks

which

(does) last


all morning.

Taka ua kasu iu tuki mai napa misa.

Taka

ua

kasu

iu

(tau)tuki

mai

napa misa.

People work for money.

Person

they

work

which

(does) aim

at

income.



Vocabulary

English

taumilu

sing

taukasu, kasu

work

taunupa kasi, nupa kasi

succeed

api

skill

pauapi uni

skillful

aka

manner, way

kautisi sala

raise interest

aka kautisi sala

an interesting way

mata pani

many times, often

kata pani

every time, always

kasa pani

all the time, the whole time, always



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

pronoun

predicate

Napi lina ua taumilu iu limi.

Napi lina

ua

taumilu

iu

(sau)limi.

The girl sings beautifully.

Girl

she

does sing

which

(is) beautiful.

Taka nalu ua kasu iu nupa kasi.

Taka nalu

ua

(tau)kasu

iu

(tau)nupa kasi.

The student works successfully.

Student

(s)he

does work

which

(does) succeed.

Papi ua musu iu api uni.

Papi

ua

(tau)musu

iu

(pau)api uni.

The father cooks skilfully.

Father

he

(does) cook

which

(has) good skill.

Taka kaunalu ua kaunalu iu aka kautisi sala.

Taka kaunalu

ua

kaunalu

iu

(pau)aka kautisi sala.

The teacher teaches in an interesting way.

Teacher

(s)he

teaches

which

(has) interesting way.

Nuu kiki ua tumu iu kasa pani.

Nuu kiki

ua

(tau)tumu

iu

kasa pani.

The mouse is eating all the time.

Mouse

it

(does) eat

which

all the time.



Vocabulary

English

tausinu, sinu

give

taunapa, napa

get, procure, receive

taupima, pima

ask

liku pima, pima

(the) question

tauipi pina, ipi pina

answer

liku ipi pina, ipi pina

(the) answer

tauaku, aku

take

taukutu, kutu

(to) plant

tauimi, imi

play

tuli imi

toy

tunu lala

flowerplant

luma mila

garden

nipu

egg

pii niki

chicken, hen, rooster

taunupa, nupa

produce

taunupa nipu, nupa nipu

lay eggs



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

direct object

pronoun

clitic

indirect object

Papi ua sinu nai tuli imi iu mai napi.

Papi

ua

(tau)sinu

nai

tuli imi

iu

mai

napi.

The father gives a toy to the child.

Father

he

(does) give


toy

which

to

child.

Mami ua kutu nai tunu lala iu mai luma mila.

Mami

ua

(tau)kutu

nai

tunu lala

iu

mai

luma mila.

The mother plants flowers in the garden.

Mother

she

(does) plant


flower

which

into

garden.

Taka kaunalu ua pima nai liku pima iu mai taka nalu.

Taka kaunalu

ua

(tau)pima

nai

liku pima

ui

mai

taka nalu.

The teacher asks a question to the student.

Teacher

(s)he

(does) ask


question

which

to

student.

Napi ua aku nai nipu iu pai pii niki.

Napi

ua

(tau)aku

nai

nipu

iu

pai

pii niki.

The child takes an egg away from the chicken.

Child

it

(does) take


egg

which

from

chicken.



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

indirect object

pronoun

clitic

direct object

Papi ua sinu mai napi iu nai tuli imi.

Papi

ua

(tau)sinu

mai

napi

iu

nai

tuli imi.

The father gives the child a toy.

Father

he

(does) give


child

which


toy.

Mami ua kutu mai luma mila iu nai tunu lala.

Mami

ua

(tau)kutu

mai

luma mila

iu

nai

tunu lala.

The mother plants the garden with flowers.

Mother

she

(does) plant


garden

which

with

flower.

Taka kaunalu ua pima mai taka nalu iu nai liku pima.

Taka kaunalu

ua

(tau)pima

mai

taka nalu

iu

nai

liku pima.

The teacher asks the student a question.

Teacher

(s)he

(does) ask


student

which


question.

Napi ua aku pai pii niki iu nai nipu.

Napi

ua

(tau)aku

pai

pii niki.

iu

nai

nipu.

The child takes from the chicken an egg away.

Child

it

(does) take

from

chicken

which


egg.



Sentence

Presentive

subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

direct object

Ai papi ua aku nai nipu.

Ai

papi

ua

(tau)aku

nai

nipu.

Does the father take the egg?

Is there

father

he

(does) take


egg.

Aa mami ua musu nai nipu.

Aa

mami

ua

(tau)musu

nai

nipu.

The mother does cook the egg.

There is

mother

she

(does) cook


egg.

Au napi ua tumu nai nipu.

Au

napi

ua

tumu

nai

nipu.

May the child eat the egg!

Let there be

child

it

(does) eat


egg.



Vocabulary

English

tana

speech

tuku tana

language

tausuku tana, suku tana

speak a language

tautana, tana

say

tauliki tana, liki tana

repeat

taupima, pima

ask

taupina, pina

express

tauipi pina, ipi pina

answer

tautanu, tanu

order, command

tautupa, tupa

claim

taukali, kali

tell, recount



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

presentive

subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

direct object

Mami ua pima nai ai napi ua aku nai nipu.

Mami

ua

pima

nai

ai

napi

ua

aku

nai

nipu.

The mother asks whether the child takes the egg.

Mother

she

asks


is there

child

it

takes


egg.

Napi ua tana nai aa mami ua musu nai nipu.

Napi

ua

tana

nai

aa

mami

ua

musu

nai

nipu.

The child says that the mother cooks the egg.

Child

it

says


there is

mother

she

cooks


egg.

Papi ua tanu nai au napi ua tumu nai nipu.

Papi

ua

tanu

nai

au

napi

ua

tumu

nai

nipu.

The father commands that the child eat the egg.

Father

he

orders


let there be

child

it

eats


egg.



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

presentive

subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

pronoun

separator

pronoun

predicate

Miki ia aa mami ua maka kipu nai ia aa ua paupatu kaku.

Miki

ia

aa

mami

ua

maka kipu

nai

ia

aa

ua

paupatu kaku.

The house that the mother builds is square.

House

that

there is

mother

she

builds


it

there is

it

has square shape.

Kuna tutu ia aa papi ua saki mai ia aa ua mala.

Kuna tutu

ia

aa

papi

ua

saki

mai

ia

aa

ua

mala.

The forest that the father goes to is big.

Forest

that

there is

father

he

goes

to

it

there is

it

big.



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

presentive

subject

pronoun

predicate

clitic

noun

clitic

pronoun

separator

pronoun

predicate

Pii niki ia aa napi ua tumu nai nipu pai ia aa ua limi.

Pii niki

ia

aa

napi

ua

tumu

nai

nipu

pai

ia

aa

ua

limi.

The chicken whose egg the child eats is beautiful.

Chicken

that

there is

child

(s)he

eats


egg

of

it

there is

it

beautiful.



Sentence

Subject

pronoun

auxiliary

predicate

complement

Napi lina ua ata imi iu luma mila.

Napi lina

ua

ata

(tau)imi

iu luma mila.

The girl played in the garden.

Girl

she

did

(do) play

which garden.

Mami ua niaata sinu nai mipa.

Mami

ua

niaata

(tau)sinu

nai mipa.

The mother will give the bread.

Mother

she

will

(do) give

bread.

Papi ua niaata ata kaunilu nai nusa musu.

Papi

ua

niaata ata

kaunilu

nai nusa musu.

The father will have cleaned the kitchen.

Father

he

will have

clean

kitchen.

Nuu kiki ua ata niaata tumu nai kiki puna.

Nuu kiki

ua

ata niaata

(tau)tumu

nai kiki puna.

The mouse was going to eat the rice.

Mouse

it

was going

(do) eat

rice.

Pii niki ua ata ata nupa nai nipu.

Pii niki

ua

ata ata

(tau)nupa

nai nipu.

The chicken had laid an egg.

Chicken

it

had

(do) produce

egg.

Taka kaunalu ua niaata niaata pima mai napi nalu.

Taka kaunalu

ua

niaata niaata

(tau)pima

mai napi nalu.

The teacher will be going to ask the pupil.

Teacher

(s)he

will be going

(do) ask